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1- Department of Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , mpeigham@ut.ac.ir
3- Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
Abstract:   (171 Views)
Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive, facultative anaerobe coccus which is a member of the commensal microbiota of skin and mucous membranes in humans and animals and sometimes can cause infection or disease. This bacterium produces variable toxins and enzymes including at least five types of exotoxins that leads to cell membrane damage. Staphylococcus aureus can cause a wide range of clinical and pathologic lesions including acute or subacute septicemia, embryo mortalities, omphalitis and yolk sac infection, arthritis and synovitis, osteomyelitis, vesicular dermatitis, gangrenous dermatitis, pododermatitis and other disorders in different avian species. Staphylococcus aureus infections are among the most important diseases of poultry industry, particularly, in broiler breeder flocks. Staphylococcal infections can cause large economic losses due to lameness, arthritis, poor weight gain, decreased egg production, and loss of flock uniformity. This paper reviews the characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus and its role in lameness and arthritis in poultry.
 
     
Type of Study: Review Paper | Subject: Avian Diseases
Received: 2023/12/15 | Accepted: 2023/12/19

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